Elgar Solar Array Simulator (SAS) - 450 or 500 Watt per channel Photovoltaic Emulation

Product Overview:

  • Total control of I/V behavior
  • Designed to operate at the knee
  • Fast profiling current source
  • Bus overvoltage protection
  • Hardware shutdown system
  • Multiple master SAS systems can be connected to create very large SAS systems
  • Customer defined output connectors


A spacecraft solar array is subjected to large temperature excursions, varying insolation (the amount of sunlight falling on the array), mechanical changes and aging, which substantially effect both its short and long term
performance. In order to test the spacecraft's power environment, a cost-effective solution for ground based testing is to utilize a solar array simulator.

The Elgar SAS system reproduces all possible solar array outputs, based on the wide variety of input conditions that an array faces, including orbital rotation, spin, axis alignment, eclipse events, beginning-of-life and end-of-life
operation. The SAS also provides complete programmable control of all the parameters that shape the solar cell I/V output curve. By being able to accurately simulate solar panels under various space conditions with complete control, a system developer can comprehensively verify design margins and quickly test, in production,
spacecraft power systems and their associated electronics.

Each Solar Array Simulator is a fully integrated, turn-key system complete with Windows NT graphical user interface and hardware control software. It can be remotely controlled and addressable as a single device when integrated
into a customer's test system. This control is accomplished via a standard ethernet or optional GPIB interface using standard SCPI format commands.

As a very important consideration in spacecraft testing, discrete hardware protection systems are a standard part of every SAS. These include subsystems that can remove power at the output of the SAS in under 10 microseconds. Each SAS string has an electronic circuit breaker and relay disconnect, so faults are localized and minimize disruption of the last process. SAS systems have been designed and delivered ranging from desktop, 2 channel, R&D units to systems capable of controlling two 64 channel SAS systems simultaneously. AMETEK's Engineered Solutions Group can assist in defining special requirements and customize each system using a standard
building block approach. This allows each customer to get exactly what id needed while minimizing costs.

Total Control Of I/V Behavior. AMETEK's Fast Profiling Current Source (FPCS) provides the ability to simulate real world solar array power more accurately than other technologies by allowing programmable control of all four parameters necessary to independently control the characteristic I/V diode output curve, or profile, of each FPCS channel.

In addition, the user may choose the nonparametric mode of operation and program I/V curves unique to the application. The basic building block of an Elgar SAS is the FPCS. Each FPCS module simulates either one or two array strings, or can be series or paralleled with other FPCS modules to simulate larger array segments.
Each FPCS channel delivers 450W or 500W of power; 2 channels are housed in a single 5-1/4" chassis. Open circuit voltage and short circuit current are scaled to meet a customer's

• Total control of I/V behavior
• Designed to operate at the knee
• Fast profiling current source
• Bus overvoltage protection
• Hardware shutdown system
• Multiple master SAS systems can be connected to create very large SAS systems
• Customer defined output connectors

Output Ratings
450W or 500W per channel with two channels housed in a single 5-¼ inch chassis
900W or 1000W per channel with one channel per chassis
Output voltages available from 60V to 200V
Input AC Power
AC Input 208V L-L, 3 phase 60 hertz
400V L-L, 3 phase 50 hertz
Programming Accuracy - at 25˚C ± 5˚C
Voltage 0.1% of full scale voltage
Current 0.5% of full scale source current
Readback Accuracy - at 25˚C ± 5˚C
Voltage 0.2% of full scale
Current 1.0% of full scale source current
Accumulator Accuracy
State of Charge ±2.5%
RMS Ripple and Noise
Voltage 0.5% of maximum output voltage
Current 0,1% of maximum output current
Transient Response
Load Switching Recovery Time
less than 2.5 microseconds to recover to within 90% of programmed value when switched from a short to a load.
Sensor Simulator Options
Voltage Monitors The voltage monitors are A-D converters that can monitor any voltage up to 100VDC
Thermistor The Thermistors are programmable 12-BIT resistive ladder circuits designed to emulate the readings that a battery thermistor would provide. They are manually programmable from the Sensor Simulator GUI or remotely through the BSS system's remote control input.
Strain Gauge Outputs The strain gauge outputs are programmable D-A outputs that emulate a battery strain gauge output. The sensor simulator software will cause the output of the strain gauge to output a signal when an excitation voltage is provided by the spacecraft.
Strain Gauge Excitation Sensing This is an input signal is received from the spacecraft.
Cell Open and Short
Switch Closures
Cell Voltage Simulation
Heater Loads

More Product Information

Features And Benefits
  • Simulate dynamic irradiance and temperature ranging from a 
    clear day to cloud cover conditions
  • Ramp the voltage, temperature or irradiance level over a 
    programmed time interval
  • Readback of voltage, current, irradiance level and temperature setting
  • Tests for inverter Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT)
  • Provides programmable I-V curves for PV Inverter testing
  • Simulates different types of solar cell material
  • Multi-Channel, Up to 1MW

  • Low output capacitance
  • High bandwidth up to 30kHz
  • High resolution I-V curve simulates static and dynamic conditions
  • Designed for high speed Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT)
  • Can be integrated into a multi-channel system for higher power testing
  • Low voltage, high bandwidth version for DC Power Optimizers
  • EN50530 support

  • Available in single and dual pack versions
  • Sensor simulation available to provide thermistor, strain gauges, heater loads, and cell bypass/short.
  • Battery behavior easily modified via spreadsheet download to simulate any battery topology including Nickel Metal Hydride, Lithium Ion, and Nickel Cadmium 

Crenlo offers standard and custom combiner boxes that combine electrical inputs for photovoltaic system while providing NEC overcurrent protection requirements. Our combiner boxes provide greater flexibility and expandability in system design. Designed with installers in mind, Crenlo’s combiner boxes save valuable time and resources while improving system design and reliability. These combiner boxes are ideal for the solar energy industry.

AQ7932 is application software that performs analysis of trace data from the OTDR on a PC, and conveniently creates professional reports. The built-in report creation wizard function makes this task simple, quick and easy.
Display up to eight traces on screen, and perform a variety of analyses including multi-trace analysis and differential trace analysis for comparing recent waveforms with old ones, and use the 2 way trace analysis function for analyzing average values of data measured from both directions in the optical fiber

  • Provides very even illumination along the length of the light, with controlled fall off in the transverse direction
  • Designed to provide low angle of incidence illumination over a long, wide area
  • Applications requiring very even illumination over a wider area can utilize two BALAs aligned parallel to and facing each other
  • AL150 - Expandable in 1” increments up to 80”
  • AL150 Derivatives: AL46120 (20”), AL4554 (9”), AL4424 (4”)

  • Modular
  • Control up to 95 assets
  • Control multiple AC and DC power supplies and loads in one mainframe
  • Create “virtual assets”
  • Web browser control
  • User configurable
  • Highest Power Density
  • Simple integration
  • PFC
  • Universal AC/DC input
  • Up to 6kW in one mainframe
  • 1kW DC modules
  • PFC ≥0.95
  • Reduced space and logistics hassles
    • – High power density
    • – Handles DC and AC power and load modules
    • – User configurable
    • – Universal AC/DC input
  • Ease of integration
    • – Web browser control
    • – Trigger bus
    • – Configure modules to parallel or series operation“on the fly”

  • High Voltage (500V) Input
  • Digital control loop technology
  • Two models: 375W & 750W
  • Up to 750W/500V
  • Parallel up to 8 automatically
  • Modular
  • High Power Density
  • Simple integration

  • 10/100 base-T Ethernet connectivity
  • Digital control loop technology
  • IVI compliant drivers
  • Web browser control
  • Controls up to 95 assets
  • Supports VXI II Discovery
  • Modular

AMETEK Programmable Power

Programmable DC Power Supplies Bench-Top Programmable DC Power Supplies
Programmable AC Sources Programmable DC Loads
Programmable AC Loads Test Compliance
Custom Power Solutions Modular AC/DC Power Systems


Customer Service: repair.ppd@ametek.com

Phone: 858-458-0223

Fax: 858-678-4482

Service Centers